The world's first world first in the Mongolian DPRK carving in the Mongolian DPRK. The expert seminar recently held in Beijing
Author:Focusing point Time:2022.07.22
A few days ago, the academic seminar salon was held in Beijing in Beijing. This time, the ancient book "Quan Shirun Gong Master's Quotations", which is about to appear in Beijing Rongbao Auction 2022, is specially invited by Li Zhizhong Zhao Qian, an appraisal expert from the Ancient Books Museum, Senior Consulting Librarian, and Cultural Relics Appraisal Center, Li Jining, a national library research librarian, Weng Lianxi, research librarian of the Palace Museum, Meng Xianjun, who was originally appointed by the State Administration of Cultural Relics and the ancient book appraisal expert. Family, Professor of the Chinese Academy of Fine Arts, and Dr. Student Instructor, Professor of Nanjing University School of Arts, Member of the Chinese Society of Japan, Jin Chengyu, Chinese State Research Expert, and Professor of the School of Philosophy of Beijing Normal University, Master of Buddhism, PhD mentor, value, value Xu Wenming, a researcher at the Cultural Research Center. Among them, in Fan Jing, Jin Chengyu and Xu Wenming participated in the three online meetings.
The seminar was chaired by Li Linhao, the manager of Beijing Rongbao Auction Department, and everyone was discussed around its historical value, literature value and artistic value.
The following is the on -site speech of experts.
Li Zhizhong -major discovery of the cultural relic version of the academic community
The first part is the outline of Zen Zen Master. There is no relevant materials, just find the content of the book. It is not difficult to see from this book that the communication is relatively wide. To the prime minister is the order of the book, and the monks in each temple have interaction, so obviously this person is not an ordinary person, so the trajectory of this person's activity is from Find this book.
The second is the Da dynasty. First of all, this Da dynasty was pushed down from the Tang Dynasty. His name for this period should be more reliable, so he mentioned this great dynasty with the second year of this Genghis Khan. As a result, he applied the title of the DPRK and replaced the Great Mongolian country, so after the Great Chao Dynasty passed the admission, he was not a national name or a year account, but a replacement of the country name of his period. Therefore, I said that the DPRK can also be said that during the Great Dynasties, it replaced the so -called Grand Mongolian country. Da Yuan, it is exactly 60 years of Jiazi, the result will clarify this problem. Well, this book uses this big dynasty to replace their name to the national account. I have never seen it in the past. I have never seen it before I have seen it, but I have never seen it. It can be said that this thing is probably not much.
Of course, there are some very sporadic places. Where does Yelu Chuxi die? The information of our book is that the Rungong Zen Master is going to North Town to use the spirit, where is North Town? Very important.
Yeluchu has made a book order for about 14 years. A character that Taizu Taizong appreciated was very much. The so -called governing the country with Confucianism, governing the heart with the Buddha.
Yelu Chucai has set up a editor in Yanjing and sets up the scriptures in Pingyang. What does the scriptures do? Where is Pingyang? Pingyang is Linfen in Shanxi. This is his suggestion. That's why Yeluchu is right, so after he died, you saw the king of Guangning after he died.
Guangning City is North Town. At the beginning, Beijing said that this was North Town, so this is very important, then it can be judged. When he was ruled by Naima, he began to fall out of favor. At this time, he apparently returned to the Northeast, but he died there. Only then did a hearse would be picked up and allowed him to come to Beijing to come to the future to be buried in the future. He still can't come back. The north town is equivalent to the first town of Youzhou. Of course, after you verify these all the research, we will implement it. Then, of course, Zen Rungong was highlighted, and he edited according to the three temples he had been living in. He was the first in Guangfu Hospital, is there any record in Beijing in Guangfu Hospital? To some clues, at least that is a big article, "The Capital of the Golden Capital", the Jin Dynasty's China Talking to Beijing, there is a record of the Golden Chao, a Guangfuyuan in Beijing, if it is it, if it is Without artificial damage, the Yuan Dynasty continued to use during the Greater Mongolia period, which was no problem.
Guangfuyuan is sure that there is no clear material proof of Fo Yan Ruifeng Zen Temple, that is, Fo Yan Yizhi Xiangxiang is Fo Yan, so Master Rungong went to Beizhen to pick up the tomb. It is Fo Yan Rui Feng Zen Temple.
Let's talk about the version next.
First of all, because they lived in Beijing for a long time, today in Beijing was in Yanjing that year was the heavy center. Then the Beijing (Yanjing) engraved book starts from the Liao Dynasty. We are now seeing this book, it is more particular than this.
From the current Liaodang and Dan Jing, the things of the Jin Dynasty people in Yingxian County, Shanxi, and the Jin Dynasty people, and the "Song Psalm" of Li He's "Song Psalm", the format you said is two years older than this book. In Xianzong's Mongolian Xianzong, two years ago, this is different. Exclude. This is not Beijing, then we look at his style, look at the characteristics, and the reason. Because the Zen Master Run Gong was in 1247, he was high -end, and the mixed Yuan Jiedushi was hired to host the Parkshan Longquan Temple in Hunyuan County. He has a relationship with Shanxi, so we see that this style is Shanxi style, so this book should be my basic tendency to be Shanxi carved.
There is a condition for engraving in Shanxi. This place is worth a book in the history of his engraving publishing. Everyone must know that the books of Pingyang and Fenkee in Shanxi are called local products. It can be seen that there are many books and different styles. There are many reasons. The main reason is that the Kaifeng people in the Song Dynasty came north. When Kaifeng was defeated by the Golden Man, after hitting it, a large number of people crossed the south, and some of them went north. There were salt lakes in this place. The socio -economic is better. So he has something to do with it. The genes of style go to them, so he is different from elsewhere. I hope everyone will make different opinions.
There are several national libraries in the existing Mongolian period, and several of them are marked with clear year models. Then I am the most appreciated one is Li He's "Song Poems". Of course, we have taken it out to see that although it is different, its overall style has some. At the moment of Yanjing, the moment of Shanxi is probably like this. However, none of these types of the National Library have the Great Dynasties, and there are always no. This version. Of course, there is still a relatively early era. It is still compared to the late Southern Song Dynasty. This is equivalent to the engraving of the Song Dynasty. Another point is that this is a quotation. This kind of thing has historical literature value.
Li Zhizhong (former dean of the National Library Development Research Institute and director of the National Old Book Protection Work Expert Committee)
Zhao Qian: The only master of Mongolian Zen Masters only deposit the classics
Here we first work in the 350th anniversary of the establishment of Rongbaozhai, so today I am fortunate to be invited by Rongbao Auction to participate in this academic seminar. This Rungong quotation, I saw the layout of this book, and some of its characteristics. At that time, I felt that the characteristics of the Mongolian carved book were still relatively clear. For example There are engraved workers, and some of its words are moved below, and there are some typical words, so it is very close to the engraving of the Mongolian period.
There is also a carving time behind it. The time of the carving is the Great Dynasties. At that time, I watched the Dai Dynasty, which means that it was a respect. You can determine what it is at this time,
As a national library, then we have a clear period of Mongolia, Nai Mazhen's "The Confucian Ancestral Ceramics Guangji" in the later period, which is a relatively clear age, and "Taishi Breeze". One of the zero species in a Taoism is now very cherished.
As far as this book is concerned, I think he can use it from two aspects, then one is the value of its cultural relics, and the other is its data value. It belongs to the Southern Song Dynasty. It is a domestic orphans, and the value of the literature is also very precious, so just now Mr. Li also discussed several aspects of this content. The Quan Shirun Gong Zen Master I wanted to say. In fact, he was not simple. Why? Why? He and Yeluchi paid the name of the elderly at the same time at the same time, but there were Chu Cai that he did not enter the Buddhist gate. He should be a layman, but this spring stone entered the Buddhist gate. Donglin Zhilong should be his master, and he has served as a Zen master of Cao Dongzong. He hosted at Shaolin Temple. The Shaolin Temple created by him will have some monks. Let's solve these epidemics. The pharmacy was at the time of Quan Shirun's master Dongdong Lin Zhilong. He was founded by him, and the host of several Shaolin Temple was also Cao Dongzong, and he was also an apprentice to Wan Songxiu.
He once held a practice meeting for the royal family, so he went to attend the Fa Conference as a host, so it can be seen that his status was very high at that time. Then he should be a more important monk in Cao Dongzong.
Therefore, from the whole point of view, Quan Shirungong should be a very important person at that time for Cao Dongzong. His resumes. It should be said that he can add his information in Buddhist literature. In 1246, he also got the title that Kublai Khan gave him, and Yuan Wu Hongtong's great Zen Master, so this person should have a high status. Rungongquan stone quotations have given this information to a very important supplement, so this is very important when it is the value of data.
Qianqian (research librarian of the National Library Ancient Books Museum, Senior Consultant Museum, Appraisal Expert of Cultural Relics Appraisal Center)
Weng Lianxi: National treasure -level treasure
If it was said that if Mr. Li was determined by the DPP Year, you couldn't say anything about the back content. Only the previous card accurately affirmed him. This is the most important point of the book. In the cards and version, Mr. Li just talked about the content involved in Mongolia in it. You dare not say that it is the Mongolian engraving, which is determined because of this card. Following the journal, after the finalization, there is accurate journalism, which proves that this book is a Mongolian engraving, and then go back through content research. First of all, the appraisal book must be seen first. A Song version of the Song Dynasty, the moment of the Southern Song Dynasty, then through the content to verify it, and then see that it is an important version. This Mongolian carved book has not been re -exposed again in the world for more than 300 years. This is definitely Mongolia's carved book for more than 300 years, and this time has appeared again, but it is really a treasure.
The collection of the Forbidden City is mainly Tianlu Linlang, and when Tianlu Lin Lang, he included a golden book when he was in the first editor. This has no Mongolian engraved book. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the royal family did not collect the engraving of Mongolia, so this book suddenly appeared. Whether it was a national collection or a person who had insight, I hope to donate to the country, for scholars to study, and for the vast number of enthusiasts. You can see that letting ancient books live, we can exhibit the best public exhibition.
Weng Lianxi (Research Librarian of the Palace Museum)
Li Jining: Buddhist literature with extremely rare historical documents
Because I haven't had time to do in -depth research, I can only simply talk about what I look at this from from what perspectives. We get such a Buddhist classics, what are the aspects and what do we look at? I personally think that one is looking at his cultural relics and one to see his information. From the perspective of cultural relics, including the history of books, the era of books, and some related to some such as benchmarking printing fonts. From the perspective of the literature, it means to see what it records and what is the value of these materials recorded.
Let's talk about the cultural relics first. I mentioned it in front of the previous Mr. Run Gong. In the process of introducing him and some monks, the process of intersection of celebrities and celebrities at that time, we can know that it is probably the character of the Jin Yuan period. Basically, I also agreed to mention the previous Mr. that he should be carved in the Mongolian period in 1258. During this period, our scholars in China generally called it Na Ma Zhen and the post -governance of Nai Mazhen. Japanese scholars are more accustomed to using Naimazhen. He is his name. The maturity of the book and a special era.
I agree with the previous gentlemen that, from the perspective of its fonts and paper, it is in line with the style of Zen classics in Zen classics since the Song and Yuan Dynasties, so this book should still be in the quotes of Chinese Zen classics in China, because the quotes are good Several themes, quotes, he is a more characteristic of this era because he remembers he in several temples.
In addition, everyone is more concentrated on the title of the Dai Dynasties. Then during the Mongolian period, there was a Greater Mongolian year. For example, in the Zhaocheng Jinzang collected by the National Library today, there is a Mongolian -Mongolian reunification. Monk make up.
We can know that at that time in some questions, they used the words of Greater Mongolia, but after such a quotation, it recorded the Da Chao. The respect of the regime in the regime.
In the episode of some characters in the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, especially in some characters in the Yuan Dynasty, we can find some information, some of which are used to us, so I agree with the special era of this era. It is cultural relics, and the other is the content of the literature.
This book was also simply checked, and I retrieved the common purpose of today's national good book and the general purpose of Chinese ancient books published in previous years. It seems that this book is still a very rare information.
I dare not assert that it is a lone copy now, but there is no other information to prove that at least he is now a solitary certificate. In other words, this book currently records the quotes he made in the three temples, including some of its three words, etc. Is there any other literature records, so from this perspective, its literature value is still valuable.
Li Jining (National Library Research Librarian)
Meng Xianjun: The value of historical materials, literature value, cultural relic value, and rare works published by publishing printing value
Today, Mr. Li was very inspirational, and Mr. Li pointed out the method of studying ancient books and researching problems. That is to say, this book is here, where can I start?
The quotation of Master Quan Shirun Gong is a kind of theme of Buddhism. It is composed of the book itself. You first point us to point us to this research method, and then then verify this era based on his journals. The content, the person he intersects, what he passed at the time. I think the method is right. In fact, you said that the old man of Wantong just now is his master. He had the focus of two activities at the time, one was Beijing and the other was from Linfen, Shanxi. The Hunanti Land was near Datong. It should be carved in the generation of Shanxi. The confrontation was the northern Hunyuan, which belonged to their territory at the time. At that time, some craftsmen in the Northern Song Dynasty were plundered to the north after the defeat of the allies. When it was a technical worker, the writing workers should be technically familiar. This The word is very good. You can even compare the three generations of Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty. It is no worse than the Qing Dynasty. From the perspective of it, the value of cultural relics is extremely high, because I did not have the Forbidden City just now, and there are a few books in Mongolia Mongolia in the country. The value is very shocking.
In terms of literature value, at the time, followed by Yeluchi, and Kublai Khan and some of the upper -level activities of the religious world at the time, this had very high historical value, very precious, literary value, cultural relic value, and publishing and printing value.
Meng Xianjun (formerly appraiser of the State Cultural Relics Bureau, Ancient Books Shan Shan Ten)
Xu Wenming: At present, the only Zen classics in the Mongolian and Yuan dynasties are seen
Because the epidemic did not arrive at the scene, it was a pity that the most regrettable was not touching the lone copy, seeing the content, it was a pity not to feel it. It was a pity that there was a chance to touch a very precious orphans in the future.
Just now, the teachers said that it is a solitary copy. The lone copy is reflected in many aspects. One is the quotation, the quotation of the Zen Master Rungong, and no other version is seen. In this version, the version value is extremely high.
The other is that there are many great Zen masters in the early days of Mongolia, including the master of Quanshun Gonggong Master Wan Songxingxiu, including his teacher Dong Lin Zhilong, as well as the Zen Master Zen Master in the original text he mentioned. There are also Haiyun of Daqing Shou Temple, many great Zen masters. But it is a pity that the quotations of these great Zen masters are basically not preserved. Wan Songxiu has individual works to save, but it is not exactly the form of quotations. That is to say, among a group of great Zen masters at the time, only Quan Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Shi Stone Run's quotes are preserved to the present, this value is great. Therefore, the value of literature and historical materials can be imagined, so the value of literature, historical value, Zen theory, and Zen history value is very great.
I have studied Zen Master Rungong before, but suffered from insufficient information. I only knew that he was the abbot of Da Wanshou Temple. Yes, it is definitely a big man in Wan Song. After Wan Song Xingxiu, he began to be abbot, and of course I thought he thought he was the big disciple of Wan Songxiu. But Run Gong is not the second generation. He is the third generation. Dong Lin Zhilong is the big disciple of Wan Songxiu. He is the big disciple of Donglin Zhilong, so he has been hosting at Da Wanshou Temple. After Wan Song retreated, he would be a abbot, so his status can be imagined.
After he was in his stay from Wanshou Temple, he then followed the abbot of Guangfu Temple, the main residence of the Guangfu Temple in Yanjing, from Guangfu Temple to the Parkshan Longquan Temple in Hunyuan, Shanxi. There was a problem here. Only the second part of the Parkshan Longquan Temple was a clear 1247, but the abbot of the first part of the Guangfu Temple was the same as the abbot of the Buddha Ruifeng Temple in the third part.
For example, because some time is defined according to Yeluchu Cai and his wife. Mrs. Su died in 1243. Yeluchu died in 1244. Wan Song Xingxiu died in 1246. This is accurate and indispensable. change. Therefore, the time of this Fo Yan Ruifeng Zen Temple is not a continuous one. Some time is similar to Guangfu Temple. Is it possible that the two temples may be abbot at the same time.
In addition, a little supplement, that is, Foyan Mountain Ruifeng Temple must be in Yanjing. In front of him, there was a vaginalized by a Zen master who had been abbot at Shaolin Temple. He promised to be the address of Shaolin Temple and died. It is suspected that it may be the side of the Foyan Mountain. This temple must belong to Cao Dongzong. It has belonged to Cao Dongzong 40 years in front of it.
There is also a very high level of Quanshi. You see if there is a chapter in exports, one poem one by one, this is to see from the quotation that the northern Zen master's familiarity with the history of Zen during the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty, the degree of understanding of the Zen case of Zen cases at that time The accurate understanding and grasp of Zen allusions, his business level poetry level is not under the Southern Song Dynasty.
Donglin Zhilong was in the early days of Henan. He was at Xuchang Donglin Temple in Henan. Later, he went to Shaolin Temple to stay in his stay. Later, he went to Chaohua Temple to stay in the office. Later, he returned to the north, returned to his hometown, and returned to the north to stay in the stay. Therefore, he said more than 30 years in the five -seater road field, so he started to say that he had been destroyed for more than 30 years in 44 years. He didn't know how much he was. We can only do this now, so from this, it has great help to the historical materials of Zen, so I just heard Teacher Weng's point of view, I agree, no matter which collector's acquisition, to our scholar's opinion, His information value is higher, and we need to allow our scholars to promote the study of Zen history based on quotations. For my Buddhist historian, its information value literature value is the most important thing for me. It is still necessary to study the study of Zen history, promote the theoretical research of Zen, and promote the study of Zen literature, which has its meaning. Xu Civilization (Professor of the School of Philosophy of Beijing Normal University, a master's degree in Buddhism, doctoral supervisor, researcher at the Center for Value and Culture Research)
Jin Chengyu: Learn as a star and phoenix, verifying one by one, the only one in the world
Let me talk about a few points about Mongolia's "Big dynasty" inscription "Quan Shirun Gong Zen Master's Quotations":
1. The only ancient book of the existing "Da Dynasty"
Regarding the title of "Great dynasty" in the Great Mongolian period, there was a wealth of discussions in the historical circles. Generally speaking, there are two main claims.
One of the "Da Dynasty" national name said. This is represented by Taiwanese scholar Xiao Qiqing. His "Say" Da Dynasty ": The Mongolian Khanate Number before the Yuan Dynasty -the Evolution of the Mongolian Khanate Country" (originally published in the first issue of "Sinology Research", Volume 3, 1992), using Coins, documents, monuments, and historical books have conducted extremely detailed investigations. Mr. Xiao pointed out: "In the past, the ancestor of the Yuan Dynasty, Kublai Khan before the eighth year of the Yuan Dynasty (1271), used the" Da Yuan "to have no country. The actual situation is not the case. , That is, there is a national name of Yeke MongGhol Ulus, which is translated as 'Great Mongolia'. 'Scholars and families are getting a lot'. Human neglect. In the past, only Gu Quanxue and Jinshi scholars noticed this important term.
And Guquan and Jinshi scholars have not systematically demonstrated, and they failed to point out their important historical significance. "He pointed out that Gu Quan scholars" believe that the 'big dynasty' is just equivalent to the 'dynasty' and 'national dynasty', which is a kind of respect. Both of these claims are just speculation. "" In fact, the "Great Chao Dynasty" and 'Great Mongolia "are Chinese translations of Mongolian Yeke Mongghol Ulus. The latter is literal translation, the former is simplified translation.
In this simplified translation, Mongolia, which is known as the race, and translates the original meaning of the original meaning as ‘people’ and ’s‘ country ’. According to the concept of the Han people, it is translated as the word‘ Chao ’. The reason is that the word "the word" Great Mongolia "obviously racial meaning is too strong, and it is not enough to serve the Han people and the people of the Han nationality, and simplify it to the 'Great dynasty'. The name of the 'Da Dynasty' has contained the meaning of the Central Plains dynasty, not like the meaning of "Great Mongolia" for foreign conquest. " The 'Da Chao' is not formal, mainly in the inside use. Of course, this division of labor is not strict. "This is the mainstream view at home and abroad, which has been supported by Hu Axiang (2000), Chen Dezhi (2009), Jin Haodong (2013) Ge Rencao (2014) and others.
The second is the "Da Dynasty". For example, Jia Jingyan's "Great dynasty" "(" National History and Cultural Essentials ", Jilin Education Press 1990), Li Chunyuan's" Connotation of the "Great Yuan" country name and its universality "(historical materials and fields - Liao and Song Golden Yuan History of Literature Expansion and Space Experience ", Shanghai People's Publishing House 2021) and so on.
"Quan Shirun Gong Zen Quotations" ended at the end: "At the time of the big dynasty, the second year of the day, December, the day," this is the first time that the "Da Dynasty" was found in the ancient version of the ancient book. This needs to be talked about from the Mongolian engraving.
Mongolian is as sparse as Xingfeng in China, and there are several types of nomades (sorted according to the time of the publication):
Confucius ancestral court Guangji 12 volumes (gold) Kong Yuancuo
In the first year of Mongolia Naima (1242) Confucius carving 5 volumes of the National Library
Too clear wind exposure, a volume of a question, no real person writes
Mongolia Taizong from Nine to Naima Zhen three years (1237-1244) Song Defang and other engraved Tibetan Tibetan Volume 1 National Library
Analysis City's Zheng's Family Study School Three Rites Twenty Volume (Song) Nie Chongyi Collection Note
In the second year of Dingzong, Mongolia (1247) Analysis of the Zheng's Library of Zhengshi Family Library
Thirty volumes of grass (Song) Tang Shenwei (Song) Kou Zongyi Yanyi
Mongolia Dingzong Four years (1249) Pingyang Zhang Cunhui's Moisturizing Xingxuan Monthly Men's 6 Volumes of the National Library Reserved Nine Volumes
Thirty volumes of grass (Song) Tang Shenwei (Song) Kou Zongyi Yanyi
Mongolia Dingzong Four Years (1249) Zhang Cunhui Mochima Huanxuan's 24 volumes of the National Library
Increased the bonus -notch sound note to discuss Zizhi Tongjian 120 volumes (Song) Lu Zuqian written by Lu Zuqian
Mongolia Xianzong three to five years (1253-1255) Zhang Zhai Mo Mingxuan carved 50 volumes of the National Library
Song Poems Four Volumes (Tang) Li He wrote
Mongolia Xianzong Six years (1256) Zhao Yan carved this 2 national library
Dafang Guangfo Hua Yanjing 80 volumes (Tang) Shi Shi Shiqi Danu Tuo translated Mongolian Xianzong Six to Eight years (1256-1258) Beijing Zhaofu Longxing Academy Carved 31 National Library Starting 30 Volumes
Historical Records of 130 Volume (Han) Sima Qian (Song of the Southern Dynasty) Pei Yan Jie (Tang) Sima Zhen Suo
In the second year of Mongolia (1261), Pingyang Duanzi Chengzheng Mingxiu 40 National Library
Historical Records of 130 Volume (Han) Sima Qian (Song of the Southern Dynasty) Pei Yan Jie (Tang) Sima Zhen Suo
In the second year of Mongolia (1261), Pingyang Duanzi Chengzheng Mingxiu 24 volumes of the National Library
Shangshu Note Twenty Volume (Han) Kong Anguo (Tang) Kong Yingda (Tang) Lu Deming's Interpretation of the New Eagle Book of Shangshu
Mongolian engraving (Volume 3 to Sixth with Qingying Mongolian manuscript) 8 National Library
Shang Shu Note Twenty Volume (Han) Kong Anguo (Tang) Kong Yingda et al. (Tang) Lu Deming Interpretation
Mongolian carved book 1 National Library Store a volume (17)
Shang Shu Note Twenty Volume (Han) Kong Anguo (Tang) Kong Yingda (Tang) Lu Deming Interpretation
Mongolian carved repairs of 2 volumes of national libraries with ten volumes (6 to 10, 16 to 20)
In the above -mentioned engraving, the appraisal of the Mongolian engraving is mainly based on journals and prefaces. In the first year of Nai Mazhen (1242), the "Confucius' ancestral Cemetery Guangji" was published: "The Great Mongolian country's leader of the Chinese book province Yelu Chu Cai Make the Emperor's Emperor's Emperor's Emperor's Emperor's Emperor's Emperor Confucius in Nanjing When you come, you cannot bear the ancestral court Guangji Yin Ban. Today, he will make up the correction of the reunion with the Biography of Renyin in May ... ". The associated by the "Greater Mongolia" is Yeluchi, and it is not directly connected to the dry branch. It is not typical as a journal. The "Repairing Political and Economic Existence of the Materia Medica", "Remembering the Political and Economic Existence", "Thaihels, the Winter Winter to Winter to Winter Xuanxuan in China", the journal is followed by the Golden Year. Zhao Yan carved this "Song Poetry", which was determined according to the preface "Bingchen". In short, the "Quotations of Master Quan Shirun Gong Zen" published "the time of the big dynasty, the second year of the day, December, and the day," in front of the "Da Dynasty", which belongs to the only case of the ancient book version. ,Precious.
So, is this "big dynasty" be respectful or the national name? The author believes that from the perspective of the publicity of the publishing workers in this book, it should be understood by the "national number". Although this is an isolated example in the magic journal of ancient books, it is connected to a large number of inscriptions, such as the "DPRK Xinhai (1251) on the 9th of July 9", "The Great Mongolian Country Deadly Chong Taoism Preface" "The Great Dynasties Xinhai July Stone Stone", "Respecting the Mantra of the Dharani" Department "Da Chao Renzi (1252) July Stone Stone", etc., we can see that "Da Chao" belongs to the commonly used words in the inscriptions of the inscriptions at that time. Essence In the publishing of the ancient books, the main body of the words before the dry branch is the national name or year number. The publishers have been accustomed to it. Therefore, in its consciousness, the "Da Dynasty" here should be the national number. Although there are many uses of the term "Da Dynasty", in the journal, the author believes that it can make a certainty of the national name.
2. Publication of "Quotations of Master Quan Shirun Gong Zen"
It is an important issue where this book is published. Overall, the author agrees that the book is engraved in the north. But whether it can be more detailed, the author believes that some speculation can be made from the composition of the book content.
The first volume of this book is "Quotations of the Guangfu Hospital of Quanshun Run Gong Zen". Guangfuyuan, seeing "Shun Tianfu Zhi", "Guangfuyuan wrote Cai Yan, who wrote Cai Yan according to the old record Jin Hanlin: ... Dingchu must be in the dynasty, with Guangfuyuan as the courtyard", Zhijin Dai Ding ( 1161-1189) This name was already at the beginning. During this period, the Zen Master was abbot at Yanjing Guangfu Hospital.
Title of the second volume: Quan Shirun Gong Zen Master Baishan Longquan Temple Quotations, the waiter Juping. This volume of Duanyun "Shi Yu Ding Weiyin April 15th, Mixed Chief Gao Shuai Dun invited the abbot of Parkshan Longquan Zen Temple", according to the "Shanxi Tongzhi" Volume 2: "Bai Mountain has three, all named the mountains. One in the east of Xiangning County, one fifteen miles; first in the southeast of Hunyuan Prefecture, and Hengshan; the first in Fifty miles west of Fenzhou. ", The mixed governor of the governor is Gao Ding, knowing that this Longquan Temple is a mixed source of Baishan Longquan Temple. "Dao Zang · Gan Shui Xianyuan Record" Volume Six King "The Junzhi of Zhenchangzi Liu Jun Dao Hunyuan County", "Gengchenchun, Hunyuan Gao Ding to hear the reputation, please come." Tianhou Xiu Huayue Temple, Fu and the prime minister Hu Gonglu invited the Jun Yu Yun, Ying Ying. "During this period, the Zen Master was in Longquan Temple in Parkshan, Shanxi.
Volume 3 Title: Fo Yan Rui Peak Zen Temple Quan Shijun Gong Master's Quotations, the waiter lives in reality. Fo Yan is the name of the mountain (now Beijing has ancient Fosiyan Mountain). Taking this quotation, Zhong Youwei Royal Conference in Daqing Shou Temple, Daqing Shou Temple see "One Hundred Temples to Watch the Scriptures" "June: Dadu Road Daqing Shou Temple ..." During this period, the Zen may be allowed to stay in Yanjing (or its surroundings).
The book of this book is relatively square and sparse. Although Pingyang is the northern journal in the north, considering that the last abbot of Rungong in this book is in Yanjing (or its surroundings), the length of this book is very small.
Third, a precious Zen literature of long -term overseas
Overseas preserved a large number of rare documents, which has attracted the attention of collectors and scholars since the end of the Qing Dynasty. Among them, Japan's preservation is the most, and most of them have been circulated, and most of the discovery in South Korea can not be recorded, which can bring surprises. For example, the "Zhizheng Term" discovered in Qingzhou, South Korea in 2002, is the extremely important legal literature of the Yuan Dynasty. For example, the Northern Song Dynasty version of the "West Lotus Society", which is returned to South Korea around 2010, is the old collection of the Goryeo royal family. It is not only a precious version of the cultural relics, but it is extremely important for studying Song Dynasty literature, Korean literature, and Buddhism in the Song Dynasty. Today, the "Quotations of Master Quan Shirun Gong", which is returned to South Korea, is also a precious literature unknown before, which is exciting. The information of Zen literature is the most abundant in the "Continuing Scriptures" compiled by Japan. Using the full -text database of the book, the relevant reference records are still not found. Japanese scholar Shirai Hongxiong's "Research on the Song and Yuan Edition Zen Books" made full use of the book, the Korean version, and the Wushan version of the Song and Yuan dynasties, and made fine research on the Song and Yuan Dynasties. The attached appendix's "Song Jinyuan Version of Zen Books" and "Song Jinyuan Version of Zen Book Yishu Catalog", regardless of the presence, is recorded, but "Quan Shirun Gong Zen Quotations" still disappear. Japanese scholar Nonaguchi Shanjing "Research on the History of Zen Zen in the Yuan Dynasty", "List of Biography of the Biography of Monks of the Early Ming Dynasty", Yang Zengwen's "Song and Yuan Zen History" Chapter 8 "Cao Dongzong Inheritance of the World Strategy" name. It shows rare. Scholars only concentrated in the concentration of Yeluchu's texts to see the name of Run Gong who had a close relationship with him, but in the study of Zen history, due to the lack of historical materials, Rungong did not have been fully studied.
Now we use the "Quotations of Master Quanshi Rungong". You can know that Run Gong is the grandson of Buddhist leaders "Wan Song Xingxiu" in North China during the Jin Dynasty and Mongolia. In the early stages of politics and literature, Yeluchu's close friend, he was also named "Master of Yuanwu Hongtong" by the emperor's brother Kublai Khan, and participated in a series of important Buddhist activities, which shows his status and influence. "Quan Shirun Gong Zen Quotations" is the only quotation of the world in the early Yuan Cao Dongzong, which allows a life -friendly intersection and religious activities of an important Zen monk in the early Yuan Dynasty. It has precious cultural relics and literature value.
How did the "Quotations of Master Quan Shirun Gong" be introduced into the Korean Peninsula? There are a collection of seals in the first leaf of this book, but it is missing. However, this book should be passed into Goryeo earlier, and it is undoubtedly. According to the practice of overseas communication overseas, this book may be returned by the Zen monk in the Yuan Dynasty, so the temples of the Goryeo North Korea were collected. The Zhu dot on the book should be done by the monks of the other earth. Unfortunately, we have not found any traces of reading in "Korean Buddhist Book". The history of this book on the Korean Peninsula needs to be further tracking.
"Quan Shirun Gong Zen Quotations" is the only "Da Dynasty" engraving in the existing Mongolian period. It is an important physical thing that Cao Dongzong influences Gonori and North Korea. It contains a rich historical and cultural content of the elementary Yuan Dynasty, which is worthy of attracting the attention of the cultural and historical circles, Buddhist circles, and collection circles.
Jin Chengyu (Professor of Nanjing University School of Arts, Member of the Chinese Society of Japan, Expert of Chinese State Research Experts)
Fan Jingzhong: Major discovery in the history of ancient books
Rong Baozhai Leaders and Teachers:
Congratulations to the convening of the Mongolian "Run Gong Zen Master Quotations"! This is an amazing secret. Several of these scarred research articles such as Mr. Li Zhizhong and Li Linhao have written. After reading, I learned a lot of knowledge and completely agreed with Mr. Li's conclusion: 1. This solitary copy, preciously retains the "Da Chao" Wuwu years ( The annual model of 1258) was the first discovery in the vast ancient books in China. It did not hear before, let alone see it before. Today, Fengchen is about to be the only paper on paper, which is extremely valuable. Second, although this book was not too early, but during the Mongolian period, it was quite the end of the Southern Song Dynasty. Value and artistic value. Third, although this book is named "Quotations", as Mr. Li said, it is different from our common cases of public cases. It allows us to come up with some historical facts, connect several personnel materials, and verify something that we did not know or ignore before, so its literature value will definitely win the special attention of scholars who study this history, religion and culture.
"Master Rungong" is an important discovery in the history of ancient Chinese books. This naturally reminds us of the appearance of "The Confucian Ancestral Court" during the Jiaqing years. The refined trial, the gold and Yuan dynasties have not been perfected if they are perfect. " Mr. Huang Yilie's eyes, that is, he was surprised and said, saying that he could see it, it was a blessing, and he could enter Tibet. He couldn't imagine it. He suddenly felt that he could be proud of money. In his original words: "Yu Yu's book is often class because of its coincidence, and this book gains, although the king is not inferior!" Huang Yilie's pride makes sense, because the carving of Mongolia is too rare, it is too rare, It is the treasure of the world. "Run Gong's Quotations" is also regarded as such a view. The teachers here can see it, study it, and appreciate it. They are all fate and eye blessings. I would like to congratulate it thousands of miles away. Fan Jingzhong worshiped
Fan Jingzhong (a famous art historian, a professor, doctoral supervisor)
Li Linhao: Domestic orphan 764 Dedicated, 350 years of Rongbaozhai World first
Today we are very honored to usher in the 350th anniversary celebration at Rongbaozhai. We herely hold an academic seminar on the Mongolian "Quotations of Master Run Gong Zen Master". Then it has developed into a special style from the "Six Ancestral Altar Sutra". This book is very special, so the first 36 pages of this book were Mongolian periods. Our famous northern Buddhist leader Wan Songxiu's grandson, also the big disciple of Donglin Zhilong, the quotations of Quan Shirun Gong Zen, then the back of the back, then the back on the back, then the back on the back, then the back on the back. One is also very special. It is the quotation of the Dahui Pujue Zen Master who is active in the Northern Song Dynasty to the Southern Song Dynasty. It is also a relatively rare version of us. A large number of appearances are a very prosperous era for the advent of the development of our quotes. Then there were two major characteristics of the quotes during the Song and Yuan Dynasties. First, it was generally a very famous Zen master, or his doorman, and the disciples edited it for it, so it was formed to form a comprehensive quotes. For example, it is a quotation of the Tang and Song Zen Zen of more than 40 in Linji Yunmen, then he also created a new quotation subject matter with singing. There are also some chapters in our quotations in Quan Shirun Gong Zen Master, including what we just said just now. The Zhanran resident of Zhongshu province, which is what we all know Yeluchu's funeral and his wife's funeral, including the very important Mongolian Royal aristocracy and the prime minister and the then important Buddhist leader at the time. It will have a form of singing.
This quotation is a solitary book we are currently discovered, and it can also provide a lot of such historical materials supplements for the research of our Mongolian history. As mentioned in the second chapter in the book, at that time, Master Rungong was made Gao Ding, and invited the abbot of the Longquan Temple of Baishan Mountain. This paragraph was the largest official of the Mongolian people and the younger brother of Genghis Khan. It was then a very high level by Meng Ge to be a very high level. Zhongzhou was broken and the leader of the entire northern politics. The history of our period provided a lot of valuable information and was recorded in the book.
And we are also very coincidentally. In our Beijing West Fourth, it is also very rare to retain the brick tower mentioned in this book. When you are also welcome to come to Beijing, you can go to West Si to take a look. Elder Wan Song and Donglin Zhilong, they were all famous representatives of Cao Zen during the Mongolian period, especially Donglin Zhilong. He was the first generation of Cao Dongzong of Shaolin Temple at that time, so it was profoundly influenced. Everyone knows that now the monk Shi Yongxin of Shaolin Temple is the 47th generation of Cao Dongzong's 47th generation, which means that after taking over the Shaolin Temple from Donglin Zhilong, it has been nearly 700 years since it has been more than 700 years. It is very far -reaching.
And the last time the Mongolian engraving was traced back to 221 years ago, the famous collector Huang Yilie, a famous collector Huang Yilie during the Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty, was found in the first year of the first year of the Masaemhen (AD 1242). Two Volumes. At that time, there were more than two hundred Songs and thousands of yuan, and the book of more than two hundred books and thousands of books were collected in the collection. Huang Yilie, the southeast giant, was still excited when he saw the Mongolian engraving. Seeing that it was precious and rare at that time, it was a treasure of the collectors of all ages.
Due to the history of only sixty years during the Greater Mongolian period, there were few books on the year, and there were very few books printed. Because of the fight with Song, the books printed at that time were rarely introduced to the Song Dynasty. Mongolia carved was spreading to this day, and it was very precious to this day.
Due to the annual battle between the Jin Dynasty and the Northern Song Dynasty, there were only 20 engraved worlds in the Northern Song Dynasty. After the Song Dynasty moved south, the northern carved origin has attributed to the gold and dollars, while the Mongolian carving was an important reference object of our research. Unfortunately, the Mongolian engraving only 12 in the national library today, few, and few, and the people have no existence. And this time after 764, the Mongolian Da Da Dai Wuwu (1258), which was printed with the Mongolian Royal Nobel and Prime Minister Wang Hou, who was printed in the noon (1258). Precious golden key.
After the seminar, the experts took a group photo
[Edit: Zou Houhu]
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